Fair Trade is an international movement that seeks to establish principles of ethics and justice in the commercial relations developed by farmers with the actors in the markets to which their products are destined. While international Fair Trade rules and compliance verification mechanisms have been established, there is a great diversity of local ways of seeking a fair relationship for both producers and consumers. Therefore, Fair Trade today has multiple forms, and it has set a diversity of goals to achieve. It can be seen as a way to rely on the economy in order to achieve both social and environmental goals. In a context of tremendous global challenges such as rural marginalization, migration, climate change or loss of biodiversity, the goals and mechanisms of Fair Trade constitute a laboratory to practice and scale the principles of a better world.