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Impact of different shade coffee management scenarios, on a population of Oncidium poikilostalix (Orchidaceae), in Soconusco, Chiapas, Mexico

Cita: García-González, A., Damon, A.A., Solís, L., Riverón-Giró, F.B., Raventós, J., Mújica, E. 2017. Impact of different shade coffee management scenarios, on a population of Oncidium poikilostalix (Orchidaceae), in Soconusco, Chiapas, Mexico. Plant Ecology & Diversity. DOI:10.1080/17550874.2017.1315840.
En: Plant Ecology & Diversity. Vol. , no. (2017)
ISSN: 1755-1668

Fecha de realización: 2017/06/01

Tipo: Artículo con arbitraje

Resumen: "Background: Understanding the effect of perturbation, be it natural or anthropogenic, on the demography and dynamics of the plant populations can help conservation management planning. Aims: We assessed the impacts of management of a shade coffee plantation on a population of Oncidium poikilostalix (Orchidaceae). Methods: We studied in a coffee (Coffea arabica) agroecosystem the impact of the current traditional management [T] and two hypothetical epiphyte control management scenarios (intense ‘desmusgue’ [ID] and moderate ‘desmusgue’ [MD]), on the only known Mexican population of O. poikilostalix. Based on 3 years of field demographics data, the population dynamics of the orchid were projected using T, ID and MD scenarios for 20 years into the future. Results: Under the current management T, the population of O. poikilostalix was projected to grow continuously (λ = 1.102). Conversely, under management ID, the loss of individuals would lead to a sustained population decline (λ = 0.843); in the case of MD, the population would decline more slowly with the population growth rate tending towards equilibrium (λ = 0.966). Conclusions: The changes in the management of coffee plantations that have become common throughout the south-east of Mexico represent a threat to the survival of the only population of O. poikilostalix in Mexico, and likely threaten other epiphytic species."

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