Avanzada

More than a Northward Migratory Corridor : Changes in Transit Migration and Migration Policy in Mexico

Periodo de realización: 1900/01/01 al 2022/01/01

Tipo: Capítulo de libro

Resumen: "This chapter analyzes some of the main changes to have taken place over the last three decades in Mexico in terms of transit migration, migration policy and the advocacy role of civil society actors in relation to this. Since the 1990s, migration containment policies in Mexico and the United States have meant that Mexico is no longer seen just as a south-north migration corridor, but rather as a space of precarious, uncertain and fragmented journeys. The analysis is based principally on data from the administrative records of the National Institute of Migration (Instituto Nacional de Migración, INM) and other sources, and draws on interviews by the author with migrants and key informants conducted since 1999 in different parts of Mexico, and participation (and observations) as an academic in organizational networks and institutional spaces centered on the discussion of migration policy proposals. The chapter highlights the main changes in patterns and trends in transit migration over the period, as well as changes in the profile of migrants. It finds that transit migration is far more complex than the government is willing to recognize. Indeed, despite it being a long-established mode of migration in Mexico, many aspects of transit migration remain little understood. While official data sources available have some limitations, they can be complemented with other data and with specific quantitative and qualitative studies to further elucidate the phenomenon."

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