Contribution of wildlife management units to the conservation of terrestrial mammals in southeastern Mexico
Periodo de realización: 1900/01/01 al 2022/01/01
Tipo: Artículo científico
Lugar(es) de estudio: Xalapa-Enríquez, Ver., México
Resumen: "In forest ecosystems, particularly those in the tropics, the occurrence of rapid transformation impacts the wildlife. Most of the studies on fauna have been conducted on pristine and protected areas, with less consideration of lands and landscapes dedicated to diverse human activities. This is particularly true for medium and large-sized mammals, which perform specific functions that help to maintain ecosystem stability, while support ecosystem services. In 1997, the government of Mexico, implemented the land policy of management of flora and fauna species through the establishment of Management Units for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Wildlife (UMA, by its Spanish acronym). This land policy allows private and community landowners to benefit directly from the management, use, and conservation of wildlife. This study analyzes the presence of mammals using camera-traps in 17 UMA in the states of Veracruz, Tabasco and Chiapas, in southeastern Mexico. The total number of mammal species recorded was 27, with a sampling effort of 3,067 days/trap in Veracruz (with 19 species), 3,238 days/trap in Chiapas (with 22 species) and 1,068 days/trap in Tabasco (with17 species). Six of these species are in danger of extinction: in Chiapas, the tapir (Tapirus bairdii) was recorded in tropical high evergreen forest and tropical montane cloud forest, and the jaguar (Panthera onca) was recorded in tropical montane cloud forest, the margay (Leopardus wiedii), the ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) and the tayra(Eira barbara) were recorded in all three states, while the northern tamandua (Tamandua mexicana) was recorded only in Veracruz and Tabasco."