Relationship Between Genetic Variation and Diversity of Tree Species in Tropical Forests in the El Ocote Biosphere Reserve, Chiapas, Mexico
Periodo de realización: 1900/01/01 al 2021/01/01
Tipo: Artículo científico
Lugar(es) de estudio: Carr. Internacional, A Cintalapa s/n, Cruz Blanca, 29140 Ocozocoautla de Espinosa, Chis., México
Resumen: "Knowledge of the genetic diversity of species in a biological community is useful for assessing the ecological and evolutionary processes that define the structure and dynamics of that community. We investigated the potential relationship between the trans-specific genetic diversity (or genetic diversity across tree species) and the diversity of tree species in a tropical subdeciduous forest. The nucleotide variation of the concatenated regions ITS 1 and ITS 3 (ITS1-3) was used to determine the trans-specific genetic diversity of 19 species of trees in five local communities at El Ocote Biosphere Reserve (REBISO), Chiapas, Mexico. Tree diversity was obtained by counting individual trees within 0.1 ha circular plots in each locality. The relationship between trans-specific genetic diversity and species diversity was established through simple linear regressions between genetic diversity parameters and community diversity. A correlation matrix was built with genetic distances (Kimura’s two-parameter model) and differences in species diversity between communities. A significant relationship was observed between nucleotide diversity (p) and species richness (Sp), and a negative association between haplotype diversity and gamma diversity (c). Our results show species-rich and genetically diverse tree communities and a weak association between trans-specific genetic variation and species diversity in tree communities at REBISO. This research suggests a possible ecological and genetic relationship within each community. Genetic diversity values may provide an important degree of variation upon which environmental selection pressures could operate, which may be helpful to face the current environmental modifications associated with climatic change."