Management effectiveness in marine protected areas for conservation of Antillean manatees on the eastern coast of the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico

Periodo de realización: 1900/01/01 al 2020/01/01

Tipo: Artículo científico

Lugar(es) de estudio: Quintana Roo, Mexico
Resumen: "This study evaluated management effectiveness in three marine protected areas(MPAs) for conservation of the Antillean manatee (Trichechus manatus manatusLinnaeus 1758), located on the eastern coast of the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico.The MPAs evaluated were the Yum-Balam Flora and Fauna Reserve, Sian Ka'anBiosphere Reserve, and Chetumal Bay Manatee Sanctuary. The extent of the traditional, popular, and scientific manatee knowledge and research were assessed, aswell as the prescribed conservation management actions, relevant stakeholders,and the degree of inclusion of manatee species in the management schemes ofthese MPAs.Four general criteria, 12 specific criteria, and 62 indicators were developed. Intotal, 199 interviews were completed in seven communities of the MPAs in orderto determine the perception of the social, economic, and conservation impacts ofthe manatee and its management. Although the evaluated MPAs were not wholly comparable among themselvesdue to their different management categories and schemes, administration, socioeconomic context, and the dynamics and conflicts encountered, a comparison wasconducted using standardized criteria and a categorical scale in order to evaluatethe level of effectiveness of each MPA. The MPA with the highest management effectiveness in manatee conservationwas found to be the Chetumal Bay, with an effectiveness classed as good (71%),followed by Sian Ka'an with intermediate effectiveness (53%) and Yum-Balam, alsowith intermediate effectiveness (43%). The relationships between the key stakeholders of the three MPAs and economicactivities such as fishing and tourism are the factors that most influence the effectiveness of management for manatee conservation."

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