Governance networks in marine spaces where fisheries and oil coexist: Tabasco, México

Periodo de realización: 1900/01/01 al 2020/01/01

Tipo: Artículo científico

Lugar(es) de estudio: Tabasco, México
Resumen: "Coupled Socio-Ecological Systems (SES) are frequent in the sea where several human activities coexist in acommon space, maintaining individual attributes, but also creating inherent characteristics of this spatiotemporalcoupling. The governance system, which minimises conflicts through maximizing agreements, offers anopportunity to achieve a balance between sectoral agendas. Establishing effective governance is challenging inthe Southern Gulf of Mexico, where the new Energetic Reform (2013) has stressed the historically fragileequilibrium between fisheries and the oil industry. Through a Social Network Analysis (SNA), this work aims toidentify the governance network directly involved in the decision-making process over the fishing-oil Socio-Ecological System (FOSES) of the coast of Tabasco. The mapping of 53 key actors (classified in eight functionalgroups) shows that the cohesion between them is low compared to the number of maximum relationships thatcould be established in the network. The distribution of the actors can be appreciated in three governanceagendas. The energy agenda is ruled by the state oil company (PEMEX) and the Mexican Navy, while the socialfishingand intermediary environmental agendas are dominated by the fishing sector and the state environmentalprotection agency, respectively."

Información de ECOSUR