Peccaries in Mexico
Periodo de realización: 1900/01/01 al 2019/01/01
Tipo: Capítulo de libro
Lugar(es) de estudio: College Station, Texas, EE. UU.
Resumen: "Peccaries are restricted to the New World. Of the three recognized species, two species, the white-lipped peccary (Tayassu pecari), and the collared peccary (Pecari tajacu) occur in Mexico. The white-lipped peccary occurs from northern Argentina through southeastern Mexico, and the collared peccary occurs from northern Argentina to the southwestern United States. The third species, the Chacoan peccary (Catagonus wagneri), known only from fossil specimens until the 1970s, was documented as an extant species in the dry forest of the Chaco region in Paraguay. Peccaries perform several ecological functions including being seed predators, seed dispersers, prey of large predators, and are able to alter the structure and composition of plant communities. In addition, they are among the preferred prey species of subsistence and sport hunters throughout their distributional range. For many indigenous communities, peccaries are the most important source of animal protein. In addition, white-lipped and collared peccaries have the potential to provide a significant source of income"