Comparison of elemental concentration in near-surface late Holocene sediments and precipitation regimes of the Yucatán Peninsula (Mexico): a preliminary study

Periodo de realización: 1900/01/01 al 2018/01/01

Tipo: Artículo científico

Resumen: "Paleoclimate research in the Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico has mainly involved fossil pollen preserved in sedimentary archives whilst geochemistry has received limited attention. In this study, we compared concentrations of K, Ti, Fe, Ca and Sr in 35 near-surface late Holocene sediments collected from different permanent and seasonal water bodies across the peninsula with mean annual precipitation of 600-1600 mm in order to explore the relationship between concentrations of inorganic elements and precipitation. The calcareous provenance has a diluting effect and sediments have less K, Ti and Fe (associated with clastics) and more Ca and Sr (associated with carbonate and evaporite) compared to the Upper Continental Crust. Individual elements and ratios of K/Ca, Ti/Ca and Fe/Ca in samples with minimal clastics did not show any relationship with precipitation. Average values of elemental ratios in sediments with more clastics increase as the mean annual precipitation increases. However, the sampling protocol and presence of most of the sampled water bodies being in a single precipitation cluster (i.e. 1200-1400 mm/year) did not allow a complete evaluation of the potential correlation between precipitation and elemental ratios. Considering that the concentration of Ti is low in sediments of the limestone-rich Yucatán Peninsula and Fe is mobile in anoxic depositional environments, the K/Ca ratio can be used as a preliminary proxy to evaluate precipitation in sedimentary records."

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