Adaptive capacity to climate change in coastal fishermen communities: the case of Tabasco, Mexico
Cita: Tolentino-Arévalo, O. 2015. School of GeoSciencies The University of Edinburg, Escocia. Tesis: Adaptive capacity to climate change in coastal fishermen communities: the case of Tabasco, Mexico. Director y asesor(es): Espinoza, A. (Asesor), Mesa-Jurado, M.A. (Asesor).
Periodo de realización: 1900/01/01 al 2015/08/01
Lugar(es) de estudio: Tabasco, México
Resumen: "Coastal fishermen communities are socio-ecological systems that depend to a great extent on small scale fisheries as a source of food and income. These fisheries have seen a decline over the last decades due to anthropogenic pressures. Climate change is acting as an additional stressor on top of the other pressures is already having impacts on fisheries. Climate change is affecting coastal fishermen communities not only by impacting fisheries but also by impacting their economies and posing risks to human health. Adaptation to these changes has become a concern for many communities. Adaptation is a manifestation of a community’s adaptive capacity. Adaptive capacity is determined by drivers which are affected by a community’s internal and external conditions. A case study was conducted to explore the adaptive capacity of three coastal fishermen communities in Mexico. A qualitative, bottom-up approach was used to explore the processes and conditions that affect the drivers of adaptive capacity and ultimately, adaptive capacity. A set of proxy indicators representative of the drivers was selected to analyse the information. The analysis revealed differences between communities for the same indicators, thus confirming that adaptive capacity is highly context-specific. These findings confirm the need for adaptive capacity analysis performed on a local scale to inform policymakers about the local needs an improve adaptation policies design."