Social organization and process in bringing agroecology to scale
Periodo de realización: 1900/01/01 al 2015/06/01
Tipo: Memoria en extenso en libro
Lugar(es) de estudio: Metropolitan City of Rome, Italy
Resumen: "Numerous scientific studies andempirical experiences around the worldhave shown that peasant and familyfarm-based agroecological approachesare superior to industrial agriculture interms of: production of healthy food forlocal populations (food sovereignty),enhancement of rural livelihoods andcultures, resilience to climate changeand other shocks, fewer greenhouse gas(GHG) emissions, lower productioncosts, stewardship of productiveresources and rural biodiversity(‘Mother Earth’), relative autonomy andlower external dependence for farmingfamilies, etc. Yet the challenge remainsof how to bring agroecology to scale, sothat it is practised by ever more families,over ever larger territories.The experience of rural socialmovements, and farmer and peasantorganizations, indicates that the degreeof organization (called ‘organicity’by social movements), and theextent to which horizontal socialmethodologies based on peasant andfarmer protagonism are employed tocollectively construct social processes,are key factors in ‘massifying’ andbringing agroecology to scale.Campesino-a-campesino (‘farmerto-farmer’) processes and peasantagroecology schools run by peasantorganizations themselves are usefulexamples of these principles.While most agroecology research todate has emphasized natural science, theresults presented in this chapter pointto the need to prioritize social scienceapproaches and self-study by ruralmovements, to draw systematic lessonsfrom their successful experiences.This can produce the informationand principles needed to design newcollective processes.These points are illustrated withreference to emblematic cases selectedfrom the experience of La ViaCampesina (LVC), arguably the world’slargest social movement, and a keyvenue for expanding agroecologicalexperience through its global, regionaland national agroecology and peasantseed processes."