Coastal ecosystem services provided by coral reefs at tesoro Island, Colombia
Periodo de realización: 2017/06/01 al 2017/01/01
Tipo: Capítulo de libro
Lugar(es) de estudio: Islas del Rosario, 45 kilómetros al suroeste de Cartagena, Cartagena, Bolivar, Colombia, Chetumal, Q.R., México
Resumen: "Coral reefs are coastal environments along a large number of world’s coastlines, which constitute protection against sea waves and provide shelter and food for at least 25% of the ocean species. Pressure from tourism, fishing and recreation are among the anthropogenic activities that generate hight impacts over the conservation and preservation of these natural habitats. Understanding of the ecosystem services provided by coral reefs is fundamental for determining their value and contribution for reducing damages due to human actions combined with the effects of natural extreme events and climate change, which also contributes to coastal erosion and flooding hazards. A lack of knowledge currently exists in Latin-American countries for the quantification of ecosystem services provided by coral reefs and the appropriate methodologies to support decision-makers and coastal managers. For this purpose, the current work considers a multidisciplinary approach aiming to combine results from hydrodynamic studies with biological factors, particularly regarding wave-transformation processes and energy dissipation under normal and extreme coastal events. A typical fringing reef from the Colombian Caribbean Sea is selected as case study to quantify specific ecosystem services for practical socio-economic and environmental solutions in those regions in which coral reefs predominate."