Biodiversity Conservation in the Pantanos de Centla Biosphere Reserve: Ecological and Socioeconomic Threats
Periodo de realización: 1900/01/01 al 2018/06/01
Tipo: Capítulo de libro
Lugar(es) de estudio: Centla, Tab., México
Resumen: "Natural resources and their biological richness are threatened by the chain of processes and activities derived from population growth and transformation activities. NPAs are not free of these changes. The Pantanos de Centla Biosphere Reserve (RBPC, by its Spanish acronym), with its surface area and ecological characteristics, is one of the most important wetland complexes of Mesoamerica. However, several socio-productive activities that take place in it affect the ecosystem’s integrity. A literature review was carried out to establish the degree of research on the RBPC. Following a conceptual model of threats in natural protected areas, pressures were described considering natural processes, inadequate management of threats and secondary effects. Nine categories were established: (1) recreational use and management, (2) management of crops and grazing, (3) management of fires, (4) introduction of exotic species, (5) diversion and reservoirs (waterworks), (6) emission of pollutants, (7) climate change, (8) management of adjacent lands and (9) other threats related to public and social policies."