The Emergence of China in Latin America
Periodo de realización: 2015/06/01 al 2015/01/01
Tipo: Artículo científico
Lugar(es) de estudio: San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chis., México
Resumen: "This paper analyzes the characteristics of China's trade with the countries of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC). The emergence of China in some of these countries has significantly transformed their trade and specialization. China has in recent years become a prominent player in world trade, and countries of CELAC are no exception. The Asian giant has entered to this regional bloc gaining ground as a supplier of manufactures and, in some countries, as an importer of commodities. CELAC countries which have trade agreements with China (Chile, Peru and Costa Rica) are analyzed along with those where China is important in terms of market share in trade and investment (Mexico, Brazil and Argentina) or potential political allies (Venezuela and Cuba). Most studies conducted on intra-industry trade refer to trade between developed countries or between developed countries and emerging countries. However, the peculiarity of this study is that involves countries considered emerging like China and some CELAC countries, thus it focuses on trade South-South.
Trade between China and the CELAC countries has the characteristic of being a kind of coreperiphery trade between South-South countries, where China plays as manufacturing center and Latin America as the periphery that supplies raw materials."