Condición y perspectivas de la meliponicultura en comunidades mayas de la reserva de la biósfera Los Petenes, Campeche, México
Periodo de realización: 1900/01/01 al 2018/06/01
Tipo: Artículo científico
Lugar(es) de estudio: Calkiní, Camp., México, Hecelchakán, Camp., México, Campeche, Camp., México
Resumen: "Abstract: Raising stingless bee (Melipona beecheii), called ko’olel kaab by the Maya of Campeche in The Petenes Biosphere Reserve, Mexico, is an age-old practice which is in danger of disappearing. Given the importance of meliponiculture to families’ life strategy in this protected natural area, as well as to conservation of the diversity of native bee species, this study aimed to evaluate the current state of meliponiculture in the area through semi-structured questionnaires, interviews and participant observation. Only six of the 17 communities in the study region were found to still228 estudios de cultura maya liimanage ko’olel kaab bees, and most keepers of native bees are men over the ageof 65. Furthermore, the communities lack the ability to produce and market honey.However, points in favor of meliponiculture among the Maya people of Campecheare that it is being practiced in a protected natural area, that traditional knowledgepersists, and that families still raise stingless bees using traditional managementtechniques to produce honey and other products for medicinal uses and ceremonialuse. Increasing the market value of meliponiculture and fomenting appreciation forits cultural value may contribute to its recovery.Keywords: Native bees, family strategy, beekeeping management, natural protectedarea."