Condición y perspectivas de la meliponicultura en comunidades mayas de la reserva de la biósfera Los Petenes, Campeche, México
Periodo de realización: 1900/01/01 al 2018/06/01
Tipo: Artículo científico
Lugar(es) de estudio: Calkiní, Camp., México, Hecelchakán, Camp., México, Campeche, Camp., México
Resumen: "Abstract: Raising stingless bee (Melipona beecheii), called ko’olel kaab by the Maya of Campeche in The Petenes Biosphere Reserve, Mexico, is an age-old practice which is in danger of disappearing. Given the importance of meliponiculture to families’ life strategy in this protected natural area, as well as to conservation of the diversity of native bee species, this study aimed to evaluate the current state of meliponiculture in the area through semi-structured questionnaires, interviews and participant observation. Only six of the 17 communities in the study region were found to still
228 estudios de cultura maya lii
manage ko’olel kaab bees, and most keepers of native bees are men over the age
of 65. Furthermore, the communities lack the ability to produce and market honey.
However, points in favor of meliponiculture among the Maya people of Campeche
are that it is being practiced in a protected natural area, that traditional knowledge
persists, and that families still raise stingless bees using traditional management
techniques to produce honey and other products for medicinal uses and ceremonial
use. Increasing the market value of meliponiculture and fomenting appreciation for
its cultural value may contribute to its recovery.
Keywords: Native bees, family strategy, beekeeping management, natural protected