Middle and late Holocene mangrove dynamics of the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico
Periodo de realización: 1900/01/01 al 2018/06/01
Tipo: Artículo científico
Lugar(es) de estudio: Chetumal, Q.R., México
Resumen: "We present mangrove dynamics, related to precipitation changes derived from migration of the Intertropical
Convergence Zone (ITCZ) and the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) during middle and late Holocene of the
northern and southern Yucatan Peninsula. Sea level rise was the major determinant for mangrove establishment
during middle Holocene. Following the sea level rate stabilization, changes in precipitation and increasing ENSO
activity determined periods of expansion and reduction of mangrove cover. At the onset of late Holocene,
mangroves fluctuated abruptly due the coupled effect of the ENSO and latitudinal movement of the ITCZ. Trend
correlation analysis revealed significant relationship between the presence of Conocarpus erectus, ENSO and
ITCZ. Rhizophora mangle showed a significant relationship with ITCZ based on trend correlation analysis.
Expansion of mangrove populations in seasonally flooded wetlands is recorded during the late Holocene."