The Moscamed Regional Programme: review of a success story of area-wide sterile insect technique application
Periodo de realización: 2017/06/01 al 2017/01/01
Tipo: Artículo científico
Lugar(es) de estudio: Tapachula, Chis., México
Resumen: "The Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae), is considered
one of the most important pests worldwide because of its direct damage to fruit and vegetable production,
and restrictions imposed to commercialization of horticultural commodities by countries
free of the pest. It was introduced to Brazil in 1901 and to Costa Rica in 1955, from where it spread
across the Central American region, reaching Guatemala and Mexico in 1976 and 1977, respectively.
In response, the governments of Guatemala, Mexico, and the USA joined efforts to (1) contain further
northward spread of the pest, (2) eradicate it from the areas it had invaded in southernMexico,
and (3) in the longer termeradicate it from Guatemala and eventually from the rest of Central America.
To this effect, cooperative agreements were subscribed between the three countries and also
between the USA and Belize. This allowed regional cooperation against the Mediterranean fruit fly
and the creation of the Moscamed Programme. The programme was the first area-wide large-scale
application of the sterile insect technique (SIT) against this pest. By 1982, the Programme had
achieved its first two objectives with the containment of the northward advance of the pest, and its
eradication from the areas it had invaded in the states of Chiapas and Oaxaca in southern Mexico.
Furthermore, by 1985 the Mediterranean fruit fly had been eradicated from areas in Guatemala
located at the border with Mexico. Since then, the programme has had years with significant territorial
advances in the eradication of the pest from areas within Guatemala, combined with years when
it had setbacks resulting in losses of the territorial gains. Nevertheless, during 4 decades, the programme
has effectively served as an effective containment barrier maintaining the Mediterranean
fruit fly-free status of Belize, Mexico, and the USA. It has also protected and increased the Mediterranean
fruit fly-free areas in Guatemala. As a result, it has protected the assets of horticultural"