Sexual Competitiveness and Induced Egg Sterility by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus Gamma-Irradiated Males: A Laboratory and Field Study in Mexico

Periodo de realización: 1900/01/01 al 2021/01/01

Tipo: Artículo científico

Lugar(es) de estudio: Tapachula de Córdova y Ordoñez, Chis., México
Resumen: "The sterile insect technique (SIT) involves the release of massive numbers of male insects that have been sterilized by irradiation treatment during their development. Wild females that mate with sterilized males are not able to produce offspring, resulting in rapid decline in the target insect population over a large area. The success of this technique depends on the ratio of wild:sterile males achieved following male releases and the ability of sterile males to mate with wild females, i.e., their sexual competitiveness compared to fertile wild male insects. There is growing interest in applying SIT to the area-wide control of mosquitoes, such as Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus, that transmit important human diseases caused by dengue, chikungunya, and Zika viruses. In the present study, the sexual competitiveness of both mosquito species was affected by irradiation treatments but did not vary greatly with different ratios of fertile:sterile males in mating cages. Most importantly, the fertility of eggs was greatly reduced when more sterile males were present in mating cages, resulting in an 88% decrease in the production of fertile eggs by both species of mosquitoes in some experiments. We will use these results to perform small-scale trials in rural villages frequently affected by outbreaks of mosquito-borne diseases in southern Mexico."

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