Combining mitochondrial and nuclear data for pedigree reconstruction in absence of genealogical information: analysis of a captive population of the endemic and endangered Mexican prairie dog
Periodo de realización: 1900/01/01 al 2020/01/01
Tipo: Capítulo de libro
Lugar(es) de estudio: Saltillo, Coah., México
Resumen: "Ex situ conservation aims to maintain healthy captive populations that eventually can be used as source populations for reintroductions to the wild. It is fundamental to develop adequate breeding and reproduction programs that minimize the loss of genetic variation, but in many cases a studbook is lacking or unavailable, nevertheless molecular data allow identifying relationships among captive individuals, but care is needed as erroneous parentage allocations are common. Here we used nuclear and mitochondrial molecular data to reconstruct the pedigree of a captive population (Museo del Desierto, Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico), of the endemic and endangered Mexican prairie dog (Cynomys mexicanus). This captive population was founded by five individuals from the same wild population. This captive population lacks a studbook, therefore relatedness estimates would allow designing a breeding strategy to minimize the loss of genetic diversity and inbreeding. We analyzed 18 individuals and used 10 nuclear microsatellite loci to reconstruct a pedigree based on five different relatedness coefficients. We also incorporated the mitochondrial control region (854 pb) to verify each relationship.
The relatedness coefficients obtained with each method and the parental assignations varied among methods. However, mitochondrial information allowed verifying the relationships for several individuals. We propose a breeding scheme based on individual genetic variation, relatedness and inbreeding coefficient to maximize the preservation of genetic variation in this captive population. This method can be used to minimize inbreeding and increase reintroduction success in other captive populations that lack a studbook."